The British Indian Ocean Territory (also known as BIOT) is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom located in the Indian Ocean between Tanzania and Indonesia. The territory consists of the seven islands of the Chagos Archipelago with over 1,000 individual islands.
The economic activity of the British Indian Ocean Territory is concentrated on the largest island - Diego Garcia. This is the island where joint Anglo-American defence facilities are situated.
It should be mentioned that the industrial and agricultural sectors are not fully developed. However, some crops such as coconuts and sugarcane, are cultivated. Sugarcane represents the main exported commodity for the British Indian Ocean Territory.
The British Indian Ocean Territory is the world's 205th largest exporter, its main exports being computers, telephones, blank audio media, electrical transformers and non-fillet frozen fish. The top export partners of the British Indian Ocean Territory are Singapore, the US, Poland, Finland, Belgium and Luxembourg.
Situated in the middle of the Indian Ocean, the British Indian Ocean Territory is an important strategic base acting as a staging area for navy ships, aerial tankers and other military services whose missions take them to Africa, Asia and the Middle east.
Secondary missions are expressed by the fact that BIOT is one of the Space Shuttle’s emergency landing sites. Diego Garcia also hosts one of Global Positioning System’s 3 ground antennas.
However, it should be mentioned that there are no industrial or agricultural activities on the islands.
The British Indian Ocean Territory is the world's 218th largest importer, its top imports being inedible animal products, refined petroleum, iron pipe fittings, telephones and gas turbines. The top import partners of BIOT are Singapore, Russia, the United States, Canada and Guinea.
British Indian Ocean Territory Customs Contacts
Fax: 020 7008 1589
Address: BIOT Administration, Overseas Territories Directorate, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, King Charles Street, SW1A 2AH
The British Indian Ocean Territory is an overseas territory of the UK situated in the Indian Ocean between Tanzania and Indonesia. The territory consists of 7 islands of the Chagos Archipelago with over 1,000 small individual islands. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, as BIOT is a territory of the United Kingdom. The BIOT laws are based on the UK constitution.
Import duties by product:
United States dollar - USD
Tax threshold (the tax level at which a person begins paying shipping taxes)