Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France, situated in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Newfoundland and Labrador province of Canada. The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The climate and the small amount of available land hardly favor activity such as farming and livestock.
The islands were dependent upon the cod fishery for the best part of the last four centuries. Since fishing quotas are governed by Canada, Saint Pierre and Miquelon fishing fleet have been seriously affected.
France helped the country to develop the local economy and invested big sums of money in nautical industry, fishing and agriculture. In such a way, Saint Pierre and Miquelon could export big quantities of fish, crustaceans and aquatic invertebrates on the international market. The most popular fish species are: sergeant majors, the blue chromis, brown chromis, surgeon fish, blue tangs and trumpet fish.
The landscape of the country is very rocky and stony. This fact does not give the possibility to the local manufacturers to produce big quantities of fruits and vegetables. Agricultural products for export include vegetables (sweet potatoes, carrots, sweet corn, tomatoes, taro, yams, peas and beans) and fruits (papaya, pineapples, mangoes and apples).
Exports are divided among the United States and Zambia, Ecuador and France.
The economy and future development of Saint Pierre and Miquelon are heavily dependent on French financial assistance. In such a way, the island is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France.
In order to increase country’s economy, the government imports large quantities of non-agricultural export categories, as: machinery and mechanical appliances, vehicles, electrical machinery, optic and medical instruments as well as iron and steel products.
The location of Saint Pierre and Miquelo places it near the ocean, which provides a valuable means of transportation but also needed water for the agricultural and energy industries. In order to use this rich natural resource and connect with neighbor countries, Saint Pierre and Miquelo imports small boats, such as canoes and kayaks as well as rigid inflatable boats. The country imports big quantities of wood building items in order to construct mooring and cargo piers.
In order to create a functional logistic infrastructure the government invests in importing cars, farm vehicles and electrical control boards. As the country has a small airport, it imports aircraft items as well as aerospace and defense equipment.
Clothing and textiles, construction materials and engineering are primarily imported from the United Kingdom and France.
The top import origins are France, Canada, Belgium-Luxembourg, Finland and Germany.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Cutoms Office
Address: Quai Mimosa, B.P. 4209, 97500 Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Phone: +5 08 41 17 40
Fax: +5 08 41 30 29
Saint Pierre and Miquelon is not a part of the EU customs territory. The EU has a customs agreement with the PTOMA overseas territories, of which St-Pierre and Miquelon are part. The regulations and duties applied in St-Pierre and Miquelon are not the same as those applied in the EU. For one thing, there is no VAT.
Mobiles – import duty 20.00%;
Tablets - import duty 20.00%;
Computers & Laptops – import duty 20.00%;
Cameras – import duty 20.00%;
Accessories (no-battery) – import duty 20.00%;
Accessories (battery) – import duty 20.00%;
Health & Beauty – import duty 20.00%;
Fashion – import duty 20.00%;
Watches – import duty 20.00%;
Home & Appliances – import duty 20.00%;
Home & Garden – import duty 20.00%;
Toys – import duty 20.00%;
Sports – import duty 20.00%;
Luggage – import duty 20.00%;
Audio Video – import duty 20.00%;
Documents- import duty is free.
- the invoice, which should be written in French or, in principle, accompanied by a translation;
- units of measurement must be metric;
- the transportation document (LTA/AWB, Maritim Connaissement/Bill of Lading, LTM, CMR or LVI);
- the declaration of origin;
- the transit documents (T1 or T2) if the merchandise came in through another EU country;
- other documents, depending on the products:
a. documents proving compliance with EC or French standards;
b. import licenses;
c. sanitary or phytosanitary certificates.
The exported or imported products are obliged to have the following information on their labels:
- name, trade name or description;
- name and complete address of manufacturer/packer, importer, country of origin of the imported food;
- net weight, number or volume of contents in metric units;
- distinctive batch, lot or code number;
- month and year of manufacture and packaging;
- month and year by which the product is best consumed;
- information about pharmaceutical and industrial products must be in English;
- if food products have been genetically modified (GM) this must be indicated in the label.