While the production and export of tea, rubber, coffee, sugar and other commodities remain important, industrialization has increased the importance of food processing, textiles, telecommunications and finance. The country's main economic sectors are tourism, tea export, clothing, rice production and other agricultural products. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment, especially in the Middle East, contributes substantially in foreign exchange.
India is Sri Lanka's largest trading partner. Sri Lanka's top exports are tea, non-knit women's suits, other women's undergarments, non-knit men's suits and knit women's suits. Others exports of Sri Lanka include spices, gems, coconut products, rubber and fish. Main export partners of Sri Lanka are United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium and Italy.
The Sri Lankan economy has seen robust annual growth at 6.4 percent over the course of 2003 to 2012, well above its regional peers.
The main economic sectors of the country are tourism, tea production, apparel, textile, rice production and other agricultural products. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment contributes highly in foreign exchange, 90% of expatriate Sri Lankans reside in the Middle East.
The agricultural sector of Sri Lanka produces mainly rice, coconut and grain, largely for domestic consumption and occasionally for export. The tea industry which has existed since 1867 is not usually regarded as part of the agricultural sector, which is mainly focused on export rather than domestic use in the country.
Main import partners of Sri Lanka are India, China, Iran and Singapore, the United Arab Emirates and Oman.
Sri Lanka Customs Contacts
Address: No 40, Main Street, Colombo 11, Sri Lanka
Telephone: +94 11 2470945-8
Fax: +94 11 2446364
Sri Lanka is an island country situated in South Asia. It's nearest nearest neighbouring countries are India and the Maldives. Sri Lanka's geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to World War II. The country is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, World Trade Organization and other international organizations.
Tariff based on the Harmonised System (HS). Most duties are ad valorem, assessed on the CIF value. Sri Lanka has a three-band import tariff schedule based on the harmonised system of classification: 5, 10 and 25% and an additional surcharge of 20% on import duty.
Importers will also have to pay add-ons and surcharges applicable for imported goods, such as Import Cess, Port and Aviation Levy (PAL), VAT and Nation Building Tax (NBT).
Passenger motor vehicles, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, carpets, perfume and other luxury items are subject to rates as high as 200%.
Import tariffs are waived for export-oriented companies, IT related projects and special infrastructure projects approved by the Board of Investment. Other imports exempt from duty are:
India and Sri Lanka signed a tariff agreement recently under which Sri Lanka will have duty free access to 1000 items within three years and India will be able to export 800 items to Sri Lanka within eight years.
The Sri Lanka Government has liberalised import and export procedures. Import licenses are required for only a few specified items due to health and security reasons. These products include:
The import of illegal drugs is strictly prohibited. There are no export controls on most items other than coral and shells, wood and wood-based articles, ivory and antiques, which have been imposed for environmental protection and the preservation of antiques.
Sri Lanka bans genetically modified (GM) foods including products using GM ingredients. Licenses and valid certification from the exporting country’s health authorities clearing the product of any GM ingredients are required for import items such as:
Product certification, labelling and packaging
Labelling and marking
Packing should be strong and guard against extreme heat in summer, humidity in winter and possible storage in the open. Steel strapping is recommended.
Outer containers should bear the consignee's and port mark and should be numbered according to the packing list, unless their contents can be otherwise readily identified.
An indelible marking of origin (e.g. Made in China) must appear on all goods and their immediate containers.
Edible fats, oils, milk and other dairy products are subject to special marking regulations.
Infant milk foods must state in Sinhala, Tamil and English: 'Breast milk substitute' and 'Doctors recommend that breast feeding is better'.
Containers of liquids must be marked in the metric equivalent of imperial gallons.
Dimensions of piece goods must be conspicuously stamped/marked in the metric equivalent of standard yards and fractions of yards.
English language is accepted for labelling of consumer goods, but local languages are essential on any products aimed at the mass market.
Livestock require certificates of health issued by the approved authority in the country of origin.
Meat and meat products require sanitary certificates issued by the approved authority in the country of origin.
Plants require phytosanitary certificates.
Used clothing, raw cotton and cottonseed must have certificates of fumigation.
Second-hand equipment must be accompanied by a certificate of valuation.
No prescribed form and two copies are required. The invoice must indicate:
Specific details are required for certain goods, including:
Bill of lading/airway bill
To Order bills acceptable. Clean bill of lading showing gross weight of each package.
Two copies, if requested.
Public health requirements
Livestock require special import permits issued by the Chief Government Veterinary Surgeon of Sri Lanka. Special import permits must be obtained from the Director of Agriculture.
Edible fats, oils, milk and dairy products and the use of preservatives, colours and artificial sweeteners in foodstuffs are subject to specific regulations.
Drugs and pharmaceuticals are subject to strict controls.